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Tabanan is a regency in the province of Bali, Indonesia. It's located in the southern part of Bali island, approximately 35 km west of Denpasar city, Area of Tabanan regency is 839.33 km² (14.90% of the island of Bali).
Regional symbol of Tabanan has pentagon shaped with edge line symbolizes Pancasila (the official philosophical foundation of the Indonesian state) as the basis of the philosophy of the Republic of Indonesia which is always held in high esteem and always illuminate the soul of its people. Inside that pentagon shaped there are some symbols like Mount Batukaru with black color symbolizes of wealth and strength of the people of Tabanan in the spirit of dynamic ambition toward a fair and prosperous society, Temple (Monument) with white color symbolizes heroism of the people of Tabanan in defending the sovereignty and independence of Indonesia, Rice and Cotton (rice is on the left side with yellow color and cotton is on the right side with white color) symbolizes food and clothing which became the basic needs of daily, 20 grains of rice and 11 pieces of cottons symbolizes Puputan Margarana war on 20 november 1946 against the Dutch colonial in Tabanan. There is also the word "Tabanan" which means the regency of Tabanan itself, and there is a motto "Sadhu Mawang Anuraga" means faithful and wise to run the truth for love to the people. The regional symbol of Tabanan has 4 colors, those colors are black which is mean majesty, yellow means nobleness, light green means purity and white means holiness.
Tabanan regency geographically is located between 114° – 54’ 52” east longitude and 8° 14’ 30” – 8° 30’07” south latitude, topography of Tabanan regency is located at an altitude 0 – 2.276 m above sea level with details on altitude 0-500 m above sea level is a flat region with a slope of 2-15%, and at an altitude of 500-1000 m above sea level is flat to sloping areas with a slope of 15-40%. In areas that have a slope of 2-15% and 15-40% is pretty fertile area where farmers undertake farming activities to make ends meet. In areas that have a height of over 1,000 m above sea level and with a slope of 40% and above is a hilly area and steep, a total of 23,358 hectares or 28.00% of the land area in the district of Tabanan is the rice fields, so that Tabanan is known as an agricultural area.
The boundaries of the regency of Tabanan are: in the north bordering with Buleleng regency which is bordered by the mountain range like Mount Batukaru (2,276 m), Mount Sanghyang (2,023 m), Mount Pohen (2,051 m), Mount Penggilingan (2,082 m) , and Mount Beratan (2,020 m), in the east bordering with Badung regency which is bordered by Yeh Sungi river, Yeh Ukun river and Yeh Penet river. In the south it's bordered by Indian ocean with a width of the beach approximately 37 km, in the west bordering with Jembrana regency which is bordered by Yeh Let river.
Tabanan Administrative Subdivisions
Tabanan regency (kabupaten) is divided by 10 districts (kecamatan), all of them are listed below
Tabanan is one of the most popular tourist destination in Bali, There are many places of interest that can be visited in Tabanan, and also there are many hotels, restaurants, villas and other accommodations that fit perfectly used as a family holiday or just simply as a refreshing place. Below are some of the best tourist destinations in Tabanan regency.
Lake Bratan / Beratan Lake (good place for fishing and water sports activities)
Ulun Danu Temple and Bedugul Botanical Garden, located in the area of Bedugul
Alas Kedaton Temple and Monkey Forest
Subak Museum (The museum of Bali water irrigation system)
Tanah Lot Temple
Bali Butterfly Park
Jatiluwih Rice Terraces
Balian Beach (the beach for surfers)
Source: Tabanan | Regency of Bali
Denpasar city is also known as Kota Denpasar, the capital of Bali island, Indonesia. The name of Denpasar is comes from the Balinese word "den" which means the north and "pasar" means the market. This name was taken because it’s located just in the north of Kumbasari market.
Denpasar was originally a center of Badung kingdom, and was conquered by the Dutch during the Dutch intervention in Bali (1906), Denpasar also remains the administrative center of the Regency of Badung and starting in 1958 Denpasar became the seat of government for the province of Bali. Bali experienced unprecedented growth both in terms of physical, economic, social and cultural after Denpasar used as the center of government.
Denpasar was the seat of government, center of commerce, education centers, industrial centers and tourist center that consists of 4 districts, namely West Denpasar, East Denpasar, South Denpasar, and North Denpasar.
Denpasar City is located at a height of 0-75 mdpl. While the total area of 127.78 km² Denpasar or 2.18% of the total area of Bali Province. From the use of land, 2768 hectares of land are paddy, 10,001 hectares is dry land and the remaining land area of 9 hectares is another.
Denpasar, located just in the south of the equator, it has a tropical wet and dry climate, with hot and humid weather throughout the year and little temperature change throughout the year. Unlike many cities outside Indonesia with this climate, there is very little seasonal temperature change, with temperatures averaging about 28°c. The year is divided into two seasons: wet and dry. The wet season lasts roughly from November to April, while the dry season lasts from May to October. The temperatures are not extreme, but the heat, combined with the oppressive humidity and copious precipitation, makes the climate very uncomfortable at times.
Denpasar has various attractions for holiday. The white sandy beaches are well-known all over the island. Denpasar City (Kota) | The Capital Of Bali Sanur beach has calmer waters and is excellent for sunbathing and other water sports activities. And also in the center of Denpasar city has several tourist attractions such as Bali Museum, Bajra Sandhi Monument (Renon), Puputan Badung Monument, Taman Budaya Ardha Chandra (Bali Art Centre).
Ten minutes from the Ngurah Rai International Airport lies the town of Kuta. Kuta is where the most of accommodations such as hotels, restaurants, malls, cafes, marketplaces, and spas that cater to tourists are located. In the Denpasar area, all kinds of Balinese handicrafts are represented in local shops. These include artwork, pottery, textiles, and silver.
Source: Denpasar City (Kota) | The Capital Of Bali | Bali Glory
Bali is a province of Indonesia which is located between the islands of Java and Lombok island, Bali is also commonly referred to as The Island Of Thousands Temples, The Island of Gods, Bali Dwipa, Bali also has several small islands are also included in the province of Bali, including the island of Nusa Penida, nusa Lembongan Island, Ceningan island, Serangan Island and Menjangan Island.
The capital of Bali is Denpasar, located in the south of the island, the island of Bali is renowned as a world tourism destination with unique art and culture. Bali island is a best place for holiday with the world class accommodations
Bali was inhabited by around 2000 BC by Austronesian peoples who migrated originally from Taiwan through Maritime Southeast Asia. Culturally and linguistically, the Balinese are thus closely related to the peoples of the Indonesian archipelago, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Oceania. Stone tools dating from this time have been found near the village of Cekik in the island's west. In ancient Bali, nine Hindu sects existed, namely Pasupata, Bhairawa, Siwa Shidanta, Waisnawa, Bodha, Brahma, Resi, Sora and Ganapatya. Each sect revered a specific deity as its personal Godhead. Balinese culture was strongly influenced by Indian, Chinese, and particularly Hindu culture, beginning around the 1st century AD. The name Bali dwipa ("Bali island") has been discovered from various inscriptions, including the Blanjong pillar inscription written by Sri Kesari Warmadewa in 914 AD and mentioning "Walidwipa". It was during this time that the complex irrigation system subak was developed to grow rice. Some religious and cultural traditions still in existence today can be traced back to this period. The Hindu Majapahit Empire (1293–1520 AD) on eastern Java founded a Balinese colony in 1343. When the empire declined, there was an exodus of intellectuals, artists, priests, and musicians from Java to Bali in the 15th century.
The first European contact with Bali is thought to have been made in 1585 when a Portuguese ship foundered off the Bukit Peninsula and left a few Portuguese in the service of Dewa Agung. In 1597 the Dutch explorer Cornelis de Houtman arrived at Bali and, with the establishment of the Dutch East India Company in 1602, the stage was set for colonial control two and a half centuries later when Dutch control expanded across the Indonesian archipelago throughout the second half of the nineteenth century (see Dutch East Indies). Dutch political and economic control over Bali began in the 1840s on the island's north coast, when the Dutch pitted various distrustful Balinese realms against each other. In the late 1890s, struggles between Balinese kingdoms in the island's south were exploited by the Dutch to increase their control.
The Dutch mounted large naval and ground assaults at the Sanur region in 1906 and were met by the thousands of members of the royal family and their followers who fought against the superior Dutch force in a suicidal puputan defensive assault rather than face the humiliation of surrender. Despite Dutch demands for surrender, an estimated 1,000 Balinese marched to their death against the invaders. In the Dutch intervention in Bali (1908), a similar massacre occurred in the face of a Dutch assault in Klungkung. Afterwards the Dutch governors were able to exercise administrative control over the island, but local control over religion and culture generally remained intact. Dutch rule over Bali came later and was never as well established as in other parts of Indonesia such as Java and Maluku.
In the 1930s, anthropologists Margaret Mead and Gregory Bateson, and artists Miguel Covarrubias and Walter Spies, and musicologist Colin McPhee created a western image of Bali as "an enchanted land of aesthetes at peace with themselves and nature", and western tourism first developed on the island.
Imperial Japan occupied Bali during World War II. Bali Island was not originally a target in their Netherlands East Indies Campaign, but as the airfields on Borneo were inoperative due to heavy rains the Imperial Japanese Army decided to occupy Bali, which did not suffer from comparable weather. The island had no regular Royal Netherlands East Indies Army (KNIL) troops. There was only a Native Auxiliary Corps Prajoda (Korps Prajoda) consisting of about 600 native soldiers and several Dutch KNIL officers under command of KNIL Lieutenant Colonel W.P. Roodenburg. On 19 February 1942 the Japanese forces landed near the town of Senoer. The island was quickly captured. During the Japanese occupation a Balinese military officer, Gusti Ngurah Rai, formed a Balinese 'freedom army'. The lack of institutional changes from the time of Dutch rule however, and the harshness of war requisitions made Japanese rule little better than the Dutch one. Following Japan's Pacific surrender in August 1945, the Dutch promptly returned to Indonesia, including Bali, immediately to reinstate their pre-war colonial administration. This was resisted by the Balinese rebels now using Japanese weapons. On 20 November 1946, the Battle of Marga was fought in Tabanan in central Bali. Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai, by then 29 years old, finally rallied his forces in east Bali at Marga Rana, where they made a suicide attack on the heavily armed Dutch. The Balinese battalion was entirely wiped out, breaking the last thread of Balinese military resistance. In 1946 the Dutch constituted Bali as one of the 13 administrative districts of the newly proclaimed State of East Indonesia, a rival state to the Republic of Indonesia which was proclaimed and headed by Sukarno and Hatta. Bali was included in the "Republic of the United States of Indonesia" when the Netherlands recognised Indonesian independence on 29 December 1949.
The island of Bali lies 3.2 km (2 mi) east of Java, and is approximately 8 degrees south of the equator. Bali and Java are separated by the Bali Strait. East to west, the island is approximately 153 km (95 mi) wide and spans approximately 112 km (69 mi) north to south; its land area is 5,632 km².
Bali's central mountains include several peaks over 3,000 metres in elevation. The highest is Mount Agung (3,031 m), known as the "mother mountain" which is an active volcano. Mountains range from centre to the eastern side, with Mount Agung the easternmost peak. Bali's volcanic nature has contributed to its exceptional fertility and its tall mountain ranges provide the high rainfall that supports the highly productive agriculture sector. South of the mountains is a broad, steadily descending area where most of Bali's large rice crop is grown. The northern side of the mountains slopes more steeply to the sea and is the main coffee producing area of the island, along with rice, vegetables and cattle. The longest river, Ayung River, flows approximately 75 km.
The island is surrounded by coral reefs. Beaches in the south tend to have white sand while those in the north and west have black sand. Bali has no major waterways, although the Ho River is navigable by small sampan boats. Black sand beaches between Pasut and Klatingdukuh are being developed for tourism, but apart from the seaside temple of Tanah Lot, they are not yet used for significant tourism.
The largest city is the provincial capital, Denpasar, near the southern coast. Its population is around 491,500 (2002). Bali's second-largest city is the old colonial capital, Singaraja, which is located on the north coast and is home to around 100,000 people. Other important cities include the beach resort, Kuta, which is practically part of Denpasar's urban area, and Ubud, situated at the north of Denpasar, is the island's cultural centre.
Three small islands lie to the immediate south east and all are administratively part of the Klungkung regency of Bali: Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Ceningan. These islands are separated from Bali by the Badung Strait.
To the east, the Lombok Strait separates Bali from Lombok and marks the biogeographical division between the fauna of the Indomalayan ecozone and the distinctly different fauna of Australasia. The transition is known as the Wallace Line, named after Alfred Russel Wallace, who first proposed a transition zone between these two major biomes. When sea levels dropped during the Pleistocene ice age, Bali was connected to Java and Sumatra and to the mainland of Asia and shared the Asian fauna, but the deep water of the Lombok Strait continued to keep Lombok and the Lesser Sunda archipelago isolated
Source: Bali | History About Bali Island Of Gods